era, of which those for the ridges surrounding today's old town still stands. New industries emerged, and Stockholm transformed into an important trade and service centre, as well as a key gateway point within Sweden. During the 18th century the Mercantile model introduced the previous century was further developed, with domestic production promoted by loans and bounties and import limited to raw materials not available in Sweden by tolls. A consequence of this development was a need for separate churches for the numerous German and Finnish-speaking citizens and during the 1530 the still-existent German and Finnish parishes were created. With the introduction of a mercantile doctrine around 1620, trade became a keystone to governmental income and the Swedish economy subsequently focused on export, not of raw materials, but of refined products. Konstnär: original Urban Målare 1535, kopia Jacob Elbfas 1636, Stadsmuseet). 26 Norrköping became the greatest manufacturing city of Sweden and Gothenburg developed into the key trading port because of its location on the North Sea.
Huvudstad i omvandling Stockholms planering och utbyggnad under 700 år (in Swedish). While the absence of a perpendicular city plan in medieval Stockholm seems to indicate a spontaneous growth, it is known German merchants invited by Birger jarl played an important role in the foundation of the city. År 1252 omnämns namnet Stockholm för första gången och det sker i ett brev av Birger jarl. The surrounding ridges, unable to boast a single timber framed building, were mostly used for activities that either required a lot of space, produced odours, or could cause fire. In the old town, the new royal palace was gradually completed and the exterior of the Storkyrkan church was adopted. 11 During the Middle Ages, export was administered mostly by German merchants living by the squares Kornhamnstorg Grain Harbour Square and Järntorget Iron Square on the southern corner of the city. The original painting, painted. Prästgatan and, kåkbrinken, is believed to have been brought from. Den senare teorin är den mest populära. The era saw the rise of the so-called "Skeppsbro Nobility" ( Skeppsbroadeln the wealthy wholesalers at Skeppsbron who made a fortune by delivering bar iron to the international market and by controlling the chartered companies. Ett försvarstorn byggdes på den plats där slottet ligger idag och murar byggdes som skydd för holmen. The king had a great interest for the city's development.